Here's a quick guide to help you make sense of the medical words you might come across when reading about BPH on this website and elsewhere.
Another term for 'watchful waiting' - the monitoring of your symptoms through regular check-ups with a healthcare professional (instead of treatment).
The opening of your large intestine, where faeces passes out of the body.
British Association of Urological Surgeons.
Non-cancerous, not malignant.
A balloon-shaped organ that holds the urine that your kidneys produce. The bladder wall is made of muscle and squeezes the urine out when you pee.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia, the medical term for a non-malignant enlarged prostate
Problems getting an erection or keeping an erection for long enough.
Another term used for benign prostatic hyperplasia - when the prostate becomes larger than normal.
Needing to pee often.
The presence of blood in your pee.
Having to wait before your pee comes out.
An increase in the number of cells, resulting in an enlargement of the organ (in this context, an enlargement of the prostate).
Never feeling that you've completely emptied your bladder.
Not being able to control when you pee.
International prostate Symptom Score - a questionnaire used by doctors to assess a man's symptoms and the degree to which they bother him. It can also be used by a man for his own self-assessment.
When your pee stops and starts.
The two organs that make pee.
Lower urinary tract symptoms. The lower urinary tract includes the bladder and urethra.
Getting up to pee at night (not the same as bedwetting).
Bedwetting (i.e. peeing in your sleep).
Over The Counter – medicines that are available from the pharmacist.
The chestnut-shaped gland under your bladder that produces fluid for semen.
An abnormal growth of cells in the prostate that can spread to other parts of the body.
The back passage, leading from your intestine to your anus.
When semen passes up into the bladder when you ejaculate, rather than out of your penis. This is not a harmful or painful condition and it does not have a negative effect on sexual function.
The fluid that you ejaculate, made up of secretions from the prostate and elsewhere, and sperm.
Having to push to pee.
Dribbling when you've finished peeing.
The male hormone. It triggers the growth of sperm and is responsible for male characteristics such as hair on the face and body and increased muscle strength.
The tube that carries urine from the bladder down through the penis and out of the body.
Not being able to hold on when you need a pee.
Not being able to hold on when you need to pee.
Urinary retention (Acute and chronic)
When you can't pee so the bladder becomes very full, swollen and painful.
Having a pee.
A healthcare professional who specialises in bladder and urine problems and other conditions of the urinary system.
Urinary tract infection.
Urinary tract infection
An infection of the urinary tract, any part of the urinary system including the kidneys, bladder and urethra.
Going for a pee / peeing.
Another term for 'active surveillance' - the monitoring of your symptoms through regular checkups with a healthcare professional (instead of treatment).
An old-fashioned everyday term for the body's system that is responsible for the production of urine and the ability to pee.
Having a weak, dribbly flow of pee.